Causal Inference

Learning Objectives

  1. Understand the definition of a cause as it applies to epidemiology.
  2. Describe the sufficient-component-cause model using Rothman's causal heuristic.
  3. Distinguish between different elements of the sufficient-component-cause model: necessary and sufficient causes, and neither necessary nor sufficient component causes.
  4. Describe some criticisms of the sufficient-component-cause model.
  5. Apply Bradford Hill's "causal criteria" to the assessment of exposure-outcome association.
  6. Discover the limitations inherent in using "causal criteria" for causal inference.